The European hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus , also known as the West European hedgehog or common hedgehog , is a hedgehog species found in Europe, from Iberia and Italy northwards into Scandinavia. It is a well-known species, and a favorite in European gardens, both for its endearing appearance and its preference for eating a range of garden pests. While populations are currently stable across much of its range, it is thought to be declining severely in Great Britain. Erinaceus europaeus has a generalised body structure with unspecialised limb girdles. Where it co-exists with the northern white-breasted hedgehog Erinaceus roumanicus , the two species are difficult to distinguish in the field, the latter having a white spot on its chest. In Europe hedgehogs carry a large number of hedgehog fleas Archaeopsylla erinacei. Leucistic or ‘blonde’ hedgehogs occasionally occur. Such specimens are believed to have a pair of rare recessive genes , giving rise to their black eyes and creamy-colored spines; however, they are not strictly speaking albino. This species is largely nocturnal.

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There are about one million West European hedgehogs living in the UK. live in a variety of habitats including woodland, farmland, parks and gardens. To be kept up to date with events, new openings, recipes, things to do and books, toys and games too, and feature the free family events and activities.

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Hedgehog Awareness Week 2020

In common with most wild mammals, hedgehogs carry a range of parasites and are susceptible to a number of dieseases of significance to human and livestock health. There are reports of various diseases that are known to pose a health risk to humans and livestock having been identified in hedgehogs. That a hedgehog has been found with a particular disease or parasite does not necessarily mean such an infection is common, or even to be expected, under wild conditions.

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Listeria monocytogenes is a ubiquitous environmental bacterium that causes disease in a wide range of species. Infection with this pathogen is most frequently diagnosed in ruminant livestock, but is also known to infect people and occasionally wildlife. The L. These findings are consistent with hedgehogs contracting sporadic infection from the environment, perhaps through eating soil-dwelling invertebrates. Examination of data from scanning surveillance programs focused on other British wildlife species indicates that the hedgehog is one of the wildlife species from which L.

However, further studies of multiple taxa with comparable sampling efforts are required to assess the relative frequency of L. The bacterium was isolated from extraintestinal sites in multiple hedgehogs, which may indicate septicemia. However, histological examination was limited and could not discriminate subclinical infection from disease i. Although L. The risk to immunocompetent people of contracting listeriosis from hedgehogs is considered very low to negligible.

Keywords: Erinaceidae; United Kingdom; microbiology; whole-genome sequencing; wildlife disease; zoonosis. Abstract Listeria monocytogenes is a ubiquitous environmental bacterium that causes disease in a wide range of species.

Western European Hedgehog

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mechanisms behind, the apparent decline of the West European hedgehog. (​Erinaceus Table The selection probability per type of site for badgers, foxes and time, the date when they saw them, which habitat they were seen in, which urban areas were thought to be largely free of badgers and could therefore act.

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Genetic structure of the European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) in Denmark.

Either your web browser doesn’t support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. European hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus populations are widespread across diverse habitats but are declining in Western Europe. Drastic declines have been described in the UK, with the most severe declines occurring in rural areas. Hedgehogs are widely distributed in Denmark, but their status remains unknown.

Found across Western Europe into Scandinavia, reports from the last in search of mates, nesting sites, and food, Hedgehogs need access to.

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European hedgehog

It is increasingly important to be aware of trends in species abundances in order to be able to act ahead of possible irrecoverable declines and extinctions. Long-term monitoring of species is generally used to determine how a species is faring, which is essential knowledge for conservation planning and design. However, monitoring programmes that encompass large areas and long timespans are rare or non-existent for the vast majority of species.

To date there is no evidence that British hedgehogs infected with a More advice on hedgehogs in your garden can be found on the Garden Wildlife Health website herpesviruses in free-living Western European hedgehogs (Erinaceus.

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European Hedgehog Images

While no such surveys have been carried out in Ireland, the humble hedgehog has topped several popularity contests in the UK and was even selected as the national emblem in a BBC Wildlife Magazine Poll. We have a single species of hedgehog in Ireland — the Western European Hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus which as the name suggests is the species found in much of western Europe. Its range extends from Scandinavia south to Spain and Italy and into parts of Russia.

The Eastern European Hedgehog Erinaceus concolor is found in central and eastern Europe with some overlaps at the edges of their ranges. Hedgehogs were introduced to Ireland around the 12 th Century possibly by the Normans Montgomery et al.

Poland is inhabited by two species of hedgehogs: the West European hedgehog To date only Dziemian et al. In August male hedgehog, having few bloody scratches on its face, was found on the street near the city park in Ryki of this coccidia were shed less often in feces of free living hedgehods (Barutzki et al.

The Dorset Mammal Group is aiming to reverse the decline of the hedgehog population in Dorset by developing towns and villages into hedgehog friendly habitats. As hedgehogs travel around one mile every night in their quest to find enough food, and a mate, the DMG is trying to make their life easier. We are encouraging residents to develop a hedgehog friendly street by making holes in, or under, their garden fences and walls for hedgehogs to pass through.

We are also encouraging residents to adopt hedgehog friendly activities in their garden by providing food and shelter in gardens and where slug pellets are not used. If you have a hedgehog you also have a very efficient slug consumer! Sherborne, Blandford and Drimpton are just starting the journey. Beaminster and Dorchester are likely to be the next towns to develop hedgehog friendly gardens and residents, but we are seeking a couple of additional people to help with the organisation here.

Do you live in Dorchester or Beaminster? Could you help? In addition, if you have any hedgehog records including road casualties , could you please send them to: records dorsetmammalgroup. Please include the following information: Name of observer, date of sighting, location including six figure grid reference if possible, habitat urban, woodland, farmland, heath etc , number, whether it was a live sighting or a road casualty.

File:West European Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus)

The recognition of the vulnerable status of the hedgehog is, however, an opportunity. It will give impetus to those of us campaigning to protect the habitats that the hedgehog needs to thrive, and increase the awareness of the importance of connecting those habitats. All over the country people are working in their gardens to help wildlife — and we are encouraging them to connect those gardens with small 13cm square holes.

From farming to development to transport — wildlife needs to be taken seriously.

See our FaceBook page to keep up-to-date with hedgehog activities in Dorset. The west European hedgehog (scientific name Erinaceus europaeus) is one of about 17 Hedgehogs travel around one mile every night through our parks and than build a wall or fence and provide shelter, food and free access all in one.

People sometimes rescue a hog mistakenly but with the best of intentions….. For example if they see one in the road at night, they think it might be safer in their garden or with us….. The first question to ask is what time of day was the hedgehog found? So check the sex of any hedgehog you are called to!! If you decide that it was picked up in error – make sure that the hedgehog is taken back to as near to where it was found as is sensible and safe.

This is especially true of mothers with young, if you take her into care even for a few hours, you could be endangering the babies. Remember people’s idea of a “tennis ball” or an an “apple” when describing a hog or when they give you its length – can all be very misleading, even if they have weighed it, they can get it totally wrong too! The first time you pick up the hog may be the only time you get to see its underside for quite a long time!

Some people use a mirror to help. The next question to ask yourself is, is it a proper hedgehog shape?

Our Coronavirus Summer of Hedgehog Love

Keywords: insectivore , natural history. The European hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus is commonly associated with humans in rural, suburban, and urban habitats. Its native range spans from Ireland, Great Britain, southern Scandinavia, and Western Europe to the Czech Republic, where its range overlaps with that of the Northern white-breasted hedgehog Erinaceus roumanicus.

In addition to its native range, E. European hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, and their dominant senses are hearing and olfaction. Hedgehogs prefer habitats that provide cover like hedgerows, shrub borders in suburban gardens, and leaf litter.

The Western European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) is endemic no hedgehog herpesvirus has been genetically characterised to date. A map of the locations of the PCR-positive and PCR-negative hedgehogs was.

Email: louise louisegodden. We rescue sick, injured and orphan hedgehogs. We rehabilitate them so that they can be released when they recover. We overwinter underweight hedgehogs, feeding and housing them through the winter to be released in the spring. We are a non profit small rescue in the New Forest helped by kind donations of caring people. East Boldre Hedgehog Rescue Website.

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Igelkott – European Hedgehog – Erinaceus europaeus